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How Does The Weather and Climate Affect Tennis?

Has your tennis game ever been affected by the weather? Tennis is a sport predominantly played outdoors, so at some point you will no doubt run into some frustrating conditions! This in-depth guide delves into strategies for managing heat, rain, cold, and altitude, along with equipment adjustments for optimal play in the elements.

How Does Temperature Affect tennis?

Unfortunately, the perfect tennis weather doesn't occur that often. So, we have to learn to adapt, and often to fluctuations in the temperature. Here are some tips to help you be prepared:


For anyone who has ever played in really hot conditions, it can be brutal! Hot conditions can accelerate dehydration and fatigue. Even 10 minutes of play in extreme heat can feel as tough as a 2-hour match in optimal conditions!

In addition to this, the ball bounces higher and faster!

Strategies for Hot Weather Tennis:

Self Monitor - Heat-related illnesses can happen fast. Know yourself and stop if you start to feel unwell.

Hydration - Regularly drink fluids before, during, and after play.

Clothing - Choose light-colored, breathable fabrics.

Gameplay - Employ a more conservative play style when dealing with extreme heat. Max out your time between points and rest at changeover in the shade. You can also use on court shade spots during play, such as in between points. Try to keep the points short and don't turn the rallies into a marathon! Add more topspin to keep the ball under control. Utilize the kick serve to take advantage of the high bounce. You may also be successful with employing some heavy topspin moonballs, especially to the backhand corner!

Playing Time - Opt for cooler parts of the day, such as early morning or late evening and keep your games shorter.


Cold weather can stiffen muscles, reduce flexibility, and affect the ball’s behavior, impacting your grip and comfort.

The ball will bounce lower and can often feel much heavier. It feels like more of an effort because the internal rubber has hardened.

Strategies for Cold Weather Tennis:

Warm-up - Engage in a longer, dynamic warm-up.

Clothing - Layer clothing for warmth and flexibility. Compression baselayers are great for staying warm and preventing injury.

Gameplay - Be ready for a lower and slower bounce. Use slice more to pick up the low balls and keep it lower for your opponent. Consider moving to the net to avoid struggling on the low groundstrokes. Keep on your toes in between points to avoid seizing up.

If it's extremely cold where you live you could consider playing wearing ice skates like "Ice Tennis" and Touch Tennis player Rob Worling:

How Do The Elements Affect Tennis?

Playing outside we don't just have to deal with changes in the temperature! Here are some ways to help you cope with the elements you may face when on the court!


Wind can unpredictably affect the ball's path and your movement, requiring quick adjustments and strategy changes. It can quickly become frustrating!

Strategies for Windy Conditions:

Footwork - Be ready to adjust your position swiftly and be on your toes as much as possible.

Gameplay - Adjust serve toss accordingly and wait for large gusts to pass. Apply topspin to control the ball in the wind. Aim for the court's center and avoid risky shots.

Adapt - Change your strategy based on the wind's direction and strength. Here's some extra strategy tips from TopspinPro Affiliate Meike Babel:


Light rain affects the court's surface and the ball's bounce, while heavy rain usually halts play.

Court surface also affects whether you can continue play, with some courts such as outdoor carpet being designed for all conditions.

Strategies for Playing in Rain:

Footwork - Adjust your speed to prevent slipping.

Equipment - Use towels to keep your hands and racket grip dry. Change your overgrip as often as required.

Gameplay - Anticipate a slower and lower bounce, which can often skid. Use this to your advantage when serving. Use wide slice serve to get your opponent stretching. Hit into the gaps as much as possible to make the footwork hard for your opponent. Cut of rallies at the net when possible.

Self Monitor - Prioritize safety and stop play if conditions worsen.


The sun can significantly affect tennis play in various ways, influencing both the physical environment and the players' performance.

Understanding these impacts and adopting effective strategies are essential for players to adapt and excel in sunny conditions.

Strategies for Playing Tennis in Sunny Conditions:

Positioning - Be aware of the sun's position and how it changes throughout the match. Adjust your positioning and stance to minimize the impact of the sun on your eyesight.

Acclimatization - Spend time on the court before the match to get used to the sun's angle, intensity, and effect on court conditions.

Clothing - Wear sunglasses and a hat to help keep out the glare.

Gameplay - When serving or returning against the sun, try to position yourself to minimize direct exposure to your eyes. Experiment to find the most comfortable serving position. Get your opponent looking at the sun as much as possible with the use of lobs and shots turning them to the sunny side.

How Does Climate Affect Tennis?

Depending on where you live and the time of year, you can have severe climatic swings such as humidity and dryness. You may also go on vacation to a place that changes the conditions, such as higher altitude. Here's some tips to help you with altitude, humidity and dryness:


The first time I played at altitude, I didn’t know what had hit me! It was like playing an entirely new game!

Altitude means thinner air, leading to less resistance and causing the ball to travel faster and bounce significantly higher.

Strategies for Playing at Altitude:

Power - Keep your pace controlled as the ball naturally travels further.

Gameplay - Adjust your serving technique for effectiveness. Kick-serve can be very reliable and effective. Apply more topspin on groundstrokes for better control. Use higher bouncing shots to trouble your opponent. Attack with extra speed and topspin when the opportunity arises.

Acclimatization - Try to adjust your play to the altitude. You will be more out of breath, so you may need to play more conservatively.


High humidity can make playing conditions feel hotter and more oppressive. It affects players' comfort and stamina, as the body struggles to cool down efficiently through sweating.

Additionally, high humidity can impact the ball's behavior, making it feel heavier and slower and affect the racket's string tension.

Strategies for Playing in Humid Conditions:

Hydration - Drink plenty of water to compensate for increased sweating and to avoid dehydration.

Clothing - Choose clothing that helps keep you dry and cool.

Gameplay - Anticipate a slower ball speed and adjust your timing and power accordingly. Accept that the rallies may be longer, so be patient and relaxed.

Self Monitor - Use changeovers to rest, hydrate, and cool down with damp towels or ice packs.


Playing in dry conditions can make the tennis ball bounce higher and travel faster. Dry air offers less resistance, impacting how players judge and execute shots.

Additionally, dry conditions can lead to quicker evaporation of sweat, which might be less effective in cooling the body.

Strategies for Playing in Dry Conditions:

Stay hydrated - Even if you don't feel as sweaty, your body is still losing moisture.
Be prepared for a faster game: Adjust your reaction time and shot selection for quicker ball speeds and higher bounces.

Clothing - Protect your skin and eyes from dry, sunny conditions.

Self Monitor - Be aware of signs of dehydration or overheating, even if you don't feel overly sweaty.


Successfully navigating weather conditions goes hand in hand with competing well as a tennis player. On any given day, you may have multiple conditions to contend with, such as a hot, dry, and windy day or a hot, humid, and rainy day.

Knowing what strategies to implement and what effect the conditions will have on the ball can help you out-strategize your opponent. One of the most effective strategies is to maximize your topspin use. The TopspinPro is the perfect way to learn the topspin biomechanics and take your game to the next level. Find out how it can help your game below.

Always prioritize safety, especially in extreme conditions, and remember that adapting to these challenges enriches your skills, resilience, and versatility as a tennis player.


  • How Can The TopspinPro Help My Game?

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2 responses to “How Does The Weather and Climate Affect Tennis?

  1. Really learning much about the total package of the gr8 sport of 10s by reading all the material u guys put on the Top Spin Pro site 🙂 Keep up the awesome work!

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